What are the purposes of Earth Summits?
Earth Summits are meetings organized by the United Nations every ten years since 1972 in order to promote sustainable development at a global level. Governments, but also non-profit organizations, public actors, private companies and citizens from all over the world are invited to participate in those meetings.
Earth Summits are real milestones in the development of a global culture of respect of the environment.
The first Earth Summit, held in Stockholm (Sweden) in 1972, led to the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
In 1992, the Rio de Janeiro Summit (Brazil) led to many agreements, among which the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which declared the necessity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and which led to the signature of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.
The last conference to date was held in Johannesburg in 2002 and gathered 100 heads of state, 40,000 national delegates, over 2,000 NGOs and an important number of private companies. It was the most important meeting ever organized by the United Nations. It led to the elaboration of a 153 article action plan addressing numerous subjects such as : poverty and pauperization, consumption, natural resources and their management, respect of Human Rights, etc.
|The ScenaRio 2012 project consists in the creation of a think tank to prepare the next international conference on sustainable development in an innovative and stimulating way, in particular through the facilitation of the expression of young generations from different cultures.|