The General Assembly of the United Nations declared 2011 the « international year of forests » in order to raise public awareness of the importance of sustainable management and of conservation of forests.
This initiative also aims at bringing to light the contribution of forests to sustainable development and to the reduction of poverty.
At a global level, there are more than 300 million people living in forests and more than 1.8 billion people whose livelihood relies directly on forests. Forests also shelter 80% of world biodiversity. However, they are endangered: every year, 74 billion acres are deforested, most of them in tropical zone.